Start Here - Help
- Strategy & Guidance
- The Actions Community - Get Help and Advice
- Diversity & Inclusivity at Actions
- Getting started resources
- Roles within your Action Team
Strategy & Guidance
The Actions Strategy was developed from and centered around the core XR UK Movement Strategy.
UK Actions Strategy 2023/24
UK Actions Circle support
Major Actions, UK Wide Actions or Campaigns or Actions of UK significance should all reach out to the UK Actions circle for support and guidance.
Criteria for UK Actions Circle support
The Actions Community - Get Help and Advice
You have reached this book because you want to drive change through action - the very essence of Extinction Rebellion. You might have an idea and want help to mak eit a reality, or you might be looking for pre-packaged 'flat pack' action plans.
The Actions Community is here to help you
List groups, team chats etc.
Other teams who can give support and advice
Add short explanation and links to other parts of RT
Diversity & Inclusivity at Actions
XR Principles on Diversity, Inclusivity & Accessibility
Extinction Rebellion is committed to equality and to enabling people who have been marginalised by systemic oppression to act now and give their message in solidarity.
These guidelines are designed to be practical and manageable and will ensure diversity, inclusivity and accessibility are embedded in action planning and design.
A useful checklist has been written by the Disabled Rebels Network and Protest Liason. This can printed and used when considering your action.
- Cloud PDF version - Diversity & Inclusivity at Actions
- Google Doc version - Diversity & Inclusivity at Actions
Diversity and inclusivity is important all the time. This process is for action proposals but remember that diversity, accessibility and inclusivity is just as important for the planning meetings as it is for the action itself. For a comprehensive breakdown of considerations, please see XR Principles of Inclusivity
Actions need to be designed to be as inclusive as possible. While total inclusivity is impossible, actions should aim to be inclusive for the widest range of people possible.
Where an action may exclude people, for example climbing Big Ben to drop a banner, there are additional considerations such as necessity and proportionality. However, try not to make assumptions about individuals’ limitations. Think of paralympian James Brown on top of a jet at City Airport.
The larger the action is, the greater the issue of diversity and inclusivity will be. With smaller actions, resources may be limited but the same issues must be considered and those affected should be consulted. If action planners receive requests from representatives of marginalised groups, they should be treated as a priority.
It is accepted that this is a dynamic document and, as Extinction Rebellion grows, more diversity and inclusivity considerations may become apparent and included as we respond to feedback from within and outside XR.
This process splits the actions into two types: inclusive actions; exclusionary actions. The process aims to help action planners consider possible barriers to marginalised groups starting with the process for inclusive actions and finally, on the last page, addressing exclusionary actions.
Actions that aim to be inclusive for all marginalised groups
Covid 19 affects some groups of people disproportionately. The aim of inclusivity in planned actions is threatened if an activity presents (or is seen to present) a greater risk of infection to some groups of people. The following factors significantly increase risk:
- Age - older people are far more likely to become seriously ill than young people
- Sex - people assumed male at birth are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill than people assumed female at birth
- Disability - some people with disabilities are at higher risk
- Ethnicity - the virus presents a greater risk to some ethnic groups
- Poverty - people on lower incomes may be at greater risk
Any activity involving a risk of COVID-19 infection presents a greater danger to people in these groups whether as participants or within the wider community. Reducing risk of infection will increase the opportunities for everyone to participate. When designing actions we therefore need to be conscious of the need to minimise the risk of COVID-19 infection. Not only will this protect rebels and the wider community, it will also help us optimise the protest and achieve our aim of inclusivity.
Actions which do not respect physical distancing and/or involve risk of arrest present an increased risk of infection of Covid-19.
- Does the action plan include reasonable measures to reduce risk of infection for participants?
- Does the action plan include reasonable measures to reduce risk of infection for the general public both at the location and in wider society?
- Will the above measures be made clear so that rebels understand the level of risk to themselves and others?
Oppression - There is a significant probability that disabled people have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. The process of being arrested can be particularly harrowing for those with disabilities who may have to rely on the police for greater support and care whilst in custody. Many, with good reason, will feel excluded if the action is designed to have a high risk of arrest.
- Is the action accessible for those with limitations in mobility?
- Are meeting venues prior to the action accessible?
- Consider the location of the action, how do rebels get there if they use mobility aids, vehicles, wheelchairs and pushchairs for example. Can we offer support to transport people?
- What is the geography/accessibility of the action site?
- Can those with mobility issues move freely around the site?
- Can we provide ramps and people to support movement?
- Can you provide buddies who can dedicate themselves to supporting those with mobility issues?
- Are toilets for those with mobility aids available?
- Are toilets with hoists available?
- ZOOM meetings of 75 minutes or more should have a scheduled break and a group agreement reached on the length of the break (15 minutes is the recommended length).
- If there are speeches/meetings/training, have you provided a British Sign Language (BSL) interpreter? (Additional sign language (not BSL) interpreters may be needed)
- Are there any rebels skilled in BSL that can assist with communication during meetings and at the action? Consider for all zoom meetings and training sessions.
- Contact xr.bsl@protonmail to request interpreters.
- Interpreters and lip readers need a break every 20 minutes
- Zoom has a Live Transcript functionality that you can switch on and it subtitles the meeting
- Have seats been reserved at the front to enable lip-reading and better acoustics?
- Create audio files for mass action briefings (non-spicy)
- Are there any issues for vision impaired rebels travelling to meetings or the action site?
- Have you assessed the action site for hazards for the vision impaired, can we make them safe?
- Are venues accessible for guide dogs?
- Can you provide rebels in support of the partially sighted?
- Have quality contrasting colours been used in written material for those with colour blindness?
There is a wide range of considerations for neurodivergent people. Offer help and be directed rather than asking about needs.
- Noise can affect people negatively, waving hands instead of clapping for example may help. Has this been considered?
- Strobe lights can trigger epileptic episodes, will warnings be issued?
- Have colour schemes for signage and literature been considered for dyslexic rebels (avoid italics, underlining and use a sans serif font)?
- Can you allocate a buddy that is available to support neurodivergent people?
- Do you have any Mental Health professionals amongst your protest group that are willing to be available if needed?
- Are there quiet places for neurodivergent people to access if they get overwhelmed?
Oppression - There is a significant probability that people of colour have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. Many, with good reason, have no confidence in the justice system. If the action is designed to have a high risk of arrest then this will tend to exclude people of colour, LGBTQ+ and disabled rebels.
Covid 19 affects people of colour disproportionately. Actions which do not respect physical distancing and/or involve risk of arrest present an increased risk of infection of Covid 19.
- If a mass arrest action or physically close action is deemed necessary and proportionate, will there be alternative supportive actions that allow people of increased risk of Covid 19 or people that are unwilling to be arrested, to share in the protest?
- Good protest (police) liaison can pacify police response and prevent escalation which could be uncomfortable for marginalised groups. However, police liaison rebels should not be overtly ‘chummy’ with police no matter how reasonable they are. This could be very uncomfortable for groups that have experienced police oppression to witness. In addition, police liaison should remind the police of their duty to behave without discrimination and facilitate protest.
- Is the action being protest (police) liaised?
- Will protest liaison be briefed regarding their behaviour at the action?
- Take care with banners and action messaging. Any reference to police, even in jest, is indicative of a privileged relationship with an institutionally racist organisation.
- Have action designers/artists been made aware of the issues with police and messaging?
There are parallel issues with ethnicity and disability in that there is a significant probability that LGBTQ+ people have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. Actions with a high risk of arrest may exclude LGBTQ+ people. https://transequality.org/issues/resources/participating-direct-actions-guide-transgender-people
- It goes without saying that XR does not tolerate any discrimination or LGBTQ+ abuse but if it is not said and reinforced, then it is not positively challenged within our culture. Has this been spelt out within the action messaging?
- Are gender neutral toilets provided?
- Are there safe spaces for sleep outs?
Families can be marginalised with children and be members of other marginalised groups. The exclusionary issues listed in this process can have a heightened effect on young rebels.
- Has the action considered the mobility of families with children and buggies? (Please see mobility above, consider meetings as well as the action itself)?
- Children can go missing temporarily. Has the action a site for lost children?
- What is the action policy for communicating details of lost children to the masses? (broadcast on Public Anouncement, use Protest Liaison)?
- Do you have DBS checked adults to supervise children? (this is advisable not a legal obligation)?
- Do you have activities to educate children of all ages?
- Climate anxiety is a serious issue for young people, is wellbeing prepared to work with children?
- Has the content of speeches been considered for the suitability of children?
- Has the action site been assessed for traffic and hazards to child safety?
Protection of the planet is important to all faiths and it is important to ensure that all feel welcome.
- Have you considered the day of the action clashing with days of worship/religious holidays?
- Has the action design included a multi-faith space for prayer?
- Will the action include vegan food (acceptable to most faiths)?
- A single muslim woman or orthodox jewish woman alone amongst men may feel excluded on religious grounds. Are female buddies available to chaperone?
- Are your meeting venues alcohol-free?
Actions that may exclude marginalised groups (exclusionary actions)
It is accepted that the nature and requirements of some actions will exclude some rebels from taking part. It is important that this is recognised at the design stage and assessed to ensure that the exclusionary aspect is necessary, has been minimised and is deemed proportionate to the purpose of the action.
- Are exclusionary elements necessary? (Are there other more inclusive ways to achieve the aim of the protest)
- Who may find the action exclusionary?
- Has the element that is exclusionary been examined to ensure that adjustments cannot be made to address this and make it more inclusive?
- Are exclusionary elements proportionate?
- How is it proportionate to the aim of the action to have people excluded from it by design?
- Is the exclusionary action supported by other inclusive actions that allow everyone to share, feel valued and contribute towards the aim of the action?
- Have you discussed this with those rebels that may be excluded?
Getting started resources
The How-To guide to planning effective NVDA
A useful booklet although a few years old now to give to those thinking about their first actions
Rebel Agreement Flyer
All rebels participating in actions should have agreed to the Rebel Agreement beforehand
Roles within your Action Team
Roles within your group
It is advised to have these designated roles covered and a back-up for each role in case of someone being unable to attend at short notice. This is not an extensive list of roles for larger actions.
- PROTEST LIAISON** – Ready to speak to police before/during actions, more info below
- STEWARDS – help guide people where to go, ensuring teh safety of all those involved at an action.
- BANNER HOLDERS - Required to take rotating shifts, recruit from attendees on teh day.
- ROADTAKE CREW (for Marches) - Supported by experienced Stewards but normally recruited in advance or on the day if required. THese teams will need to be mobile as they will be leapfrogging the march as roads are blocked.
- ACTION OUTREACH - recruit new rebels, speak to the public / hand out flyers.
- DE-ESCALATION** – person who has good skills at calming a situation, e.g. speaking to a rowdy member of the public or speaking to a crowd to calm an undesired atmosphere.
- ACTION WELLBEING** – Wear blue high-vis or sash or green for first aiders. Looking after everyone’s well-being: making sure everyone is calm and grounded. Preferably also a First-Aider. Should carry essentials e.g. water, emergency snacks, sun-cream, umbrella, heat pads, sanitary items, first- aid kit, basic toiletries, other good stuff!
- ANCHOR – is a point of stability during the tumult of an action and offers check-ins as needed by rebels on the ground. They might be someone who can’t come to the action or wants to support from a distance, thus conserving their energies especially for pre- and post-action support.
- MEDIA TEAM – live-streaming, Videographer, Photographer, taking footage to edit, interviewing etc.
- SPOKESPERSON – ready to speak to any press, well-versed on the narrative of your action and core values and Demands of XR
- TESTAMONIALS / OUTSIDE SPEAKER
- LOGISTICS – person to lead on gathering equipment required and taking it away again.
- ARRESTEE SUPPORT – Willing to go and wait at police stations to welcome brave rebels back to the free world: making sure they can get transport home, that they are ok, giving them massive love. Preferably go in pairs. This could be waiting long through the night so designate shifts. This person needs to communicate with the back office about where arrestees have gone. Must be sober. ACTION CO-ORDINATOR (Not the same as an ‘organiser’ in legal terms) An excellent communicator, verbally and electronically. Making sure everyone is in the loop and giving the action go- ahead in the moment. Need to think on their feet and be strategically responsive. Advised to not risk arrest and have a back-up co-ordinator. Could have one co-ordinator’s phone that is passed on if switching roles. On the ground it is use- ful to have 3 people in this role, to make quick decisions via consensus together, or individually if the need arises. But ahead of time important to have one person bottom-lining the project.
- LEGAL OBSERVERS** (external to XR) Wear orange high-vis. On the ground at an action. Legal observers are trained volunteers who support the legal rights of activists. Legal observers are independent from the protest and do not participate. They monitor arrests, collect witnesses and help connect arrestees with support at the police station. All rebels should have the basic awareness of how to witness an arrest and report it to the back office teams.
- RHYTHMS - Provide energy and encouragement to protestors, especially useful if groups will be occupying or locked-on.
These roles are designated as low-risk of arrest, however there is never any guarantee how the police will respond to an action and we are all responsible for ourselves and our actions: more on Legal stuff here.
Roles with a ** by them are essential if you’re planning a spicy action:
Many of these roles have circles within XR who can help if you need it.