Neurodiverse and Disabled Rebels Inclusion

Principles Of Inclusivity

In order to build an inclusive approach towards involving all sections of society in the struggle to highlight the climate emergency, it is necessary for XR to pay particular attention to five activity areas:


What is inclusivity?

An inclusive product, service or environment does not exclude any section of society. Inclusive solutions consider all users and participants, including disabled people, and is a positive step towards a holistic, universal system.

The Principles of Inclusivity


Learn more about oppression

Reading list on Disability & Oppression


Disabled Rebels Network

For further advice you can reach out to the Disabled Rebels Network either on Facebook or by Email at xr.inclusion@protonmail.com

Organising Inclusive Meetings

When considering an accessible and inclusive meeting, there are 3 aspects you need to think about:

You should always build access in from the start of your planning. Not as an afterthought.


1. Planning - Choosing a venue

When considering whether a venue is accessible, the first obvious thought may be to avoid entrances with steps.  There are however, many other things to watch for or that you can provide to make the venue accessible:

Consider:

If you have been unable to get an ideal venue, plan how you will overcome issues to accommodate individuals, e.g. arranging help to get people down slopes.

Always:

2. Providing Information and Equipment

Planning
Publicising
Prior to Meeting

3. Conduct - During the meeting


Making your zoom meetings more accessible

Top tips

Ensuring your Actions are accessible as they can be

Extinction Rebellion is committed to equality and to enabling people who have been marginalised by systemic oppression to act now and give their message in solidarity.

These guidelines are designed to be practical and manageable and will ensure diversity, inclusivity and accessibility are embedded in action planning and design. Remember, always embed inclusion & accessibility in your planning from the start!

Diversity and inclusivity is important all the time. This advice is for action proposals but remember that diversity, accessibility and inclusivity is just as important for the planning meetings as it is for the action itself. You can find advice on planning inclusive & accessible meetings here

Quote from a disabled rebel: “Making actions accessible is the simple act of asking, What do you need?”

It is a priority for actions to be designed to be as inclusive as possible, with the majority of actions being for everyone. Where an action excludes some, additional inclusive actions should be considered to involve everyone. Total inclusivity is impossible but it is important for action designers to start from this point to ensure that accessibility is considered for the widest spectrum of marginalised people.

Where an action may exclude people, for example climbing Big Ben to drop a banner, there are additional considerations such as necessity and proportionality. However, try not to make assumptions about individuals’ limitations. Think of paralympian James Brown on top of a jet at City Airport.

It is understood that the size of actions is relevant. The larger the action is, the greater the issue of diversity and inclusivity will be. With smaller actions, resources may be limited but the same issues must be considered and those affected, consulted. If action planners receive requests from representatives of marginalised groups, they should be treated as a priority.

This process splits the actions into two types: inclusive actions & exclusionary actions. The process aims to help action planners consider possible barriers to marginalised groups starting with the process for inclusive actions and finally, at the end, addressing exclusionary actions.

Inclusive Actions - Actions that aim to be inclusive for all marginalised groups

Disability

Oppression - There is a significant probability that disabled people have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. The process of being arrested can be particularly harrowing for those with disabilities who may have to rely on the police for greater support and care whilst in custody. Many, with good reason, will feel excluded if the action is designed to have a high risk of arrest.

Mobility/Accessibility
Hearing impaired
Vision impaired

Neurodiversity

There is a wide range of considerations for the neuro diverse. Offer help and be directed rather than asking about needs.

Ethnicity

Oppression - There is a significant probability that people of colour have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. Many, with good reason, have no confidence in the justice system. If the action is designed to have a high risk of arrest then this will tend to exclude people of colour, LGBTQ+ and disabled rebels.

LGBTQ+

There are parallel issues with ethnicity and disability in that there is a significant probability that LGBTQ+ people (and trans people particularly) have experienced discrimination and oppressive behaviour by the police and others. Actions with a high risk of arrest may exclude LGBTQ+ people.

Families

Families can be marginalised with children and be members of other marginalised groups. The exclusionary issues listed in this process can have a heightened effect on young rebels.

Faiths

Protection of the planet is important to all faiths and it is important to ensure that all feel welcome.

Exclusionary Actions- Actions that may exclude marginalised groups

It is accepted that the nature and requirements of some actions will exclude some rebels from taking part. It is important that this is recognised at the design stage and assessed to ensure that the exclusionary aspect is necessary, has been minimised and is deemed proportionate to the purpose of the action.

Accessible documents & outreach materials

Readable fonts

Headings and structure

Use headings and styles to create consistent structure to help people navigate through your content. In Word, you’ll find these tools in the ‘Home’ tab. In Google Docs, they are in the standard top toolbar.

Ensure that contact details for the group organising the action or sending out the document are clear and easy to find.

Headings

Colour

Layout

Writing Style

Audio information

Audio information is especially important for people with a visual impairment, dyslexia, learning difficulties, non-English speakers and people who struggle to understand maps; non-disabled people may also find it reassuring and helpful.

Etiquette for producing your own audio CD: use people with clear speaking voices.  Give an introduction and a summary e.g. this is an annual report of 20 pages.  Have gaps between sections; state page number at appropriate points so that people can retrieve information; give contact details at the end; if pictures are important to the text describe them.  Allow time for taping to be done in stages so that the reader does not sound bored.

Website Accessibility

Text

Use a sans serif typeface, like Arial or Karla as it is easier to read for visually impaired people. A large font equivalent to Arial 14 is a good size – the alternative is to have a Large Print button at the top of the home page.

The text should be colour-contrasted with its surroundings– like black/white, yellow/blue, green/white. Many visually impaired people find it easier to read reverse coloured text – e.g. white characters (#FFFFFF), on racing green (#006600) background. See this page for examples.

Images

Pictures/pictograms/icons help many people with learning disabilities, but can be a hindrance to people using voice software like Hal/Supernova (text-reader software). Where pictures are included, make sure the alt tags say what they are or what they do (e.g.: click here for Toyota cars)

Frames

Frames are about the most unhelpful thing for blind and visually impaired people, firstly because it is not easy to see what is going on, secondly, because most Text Reader software works from left to right (in the West), so someone using, for example, Supernova or a screen reader may be jumping from frame to frame and what they hear wont make sense.

Tables

Tables are inaccessible for many with visual impairments and some screen readers.

Forms

Web-based forms can usually be read by text readers, but it’s worthwhile including a “print” button, for people who can’t use the online version.

Document downloads

If written in Adobe Acrobat 7 or above, .pdf files can be read by text readers like Jaws, but not all screen readers, therefore it is best practice to offer documents in Word and in pdf

Structure

A logical and easy-to-follow structure may be the most important thing in making a website accessible:

  • avoid clutter
  • keep the homepage as simple as possible
  • pay particular attention to how you map out the site – the fewer clicks for a person to get to the information they want, the better – it is a resource not a Treasure Hunt

  • Check Out

    Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Available at: www.w3.org/WAI/

    Good practises when communicating with Disabled and neurodiverse people

    Good practises when communicating with Disabled and neurodiverse people

    Communication Checklist

    Written communication

    Verbal Communication

    Signage

    Good practises when communicating with Disabled and neurodiverse people

    Good Practice in Communicating with Disabled People

    The following information is a guide to issues which affect different groups of people with impairments in terms of communication. It is important to remember each individual has their own needs and strategies – ask them what their particular needs or issues are where possible.

    Who have visual impairments

    Face-to-face Communication:

    Who have physical impairments

    Ascertain the degree of personal independence of the individual in advance, for example, will they:

    Some individuals with physical impairments may have communication aids, or use speech that may be difficult to follow, or attend the meeting in a wheelchair and/or come with a personal assistant. Be prepared for these eventualities.


    Who have communication related impairments

    What implications are there for face to face communication?

    Having a speech impairment can be very tiring especially when in a new environment. Also consider that some speech impairments are affected by a person's emotional state. Patience and respect for what they have to say is very important. When talking with someone with a speech impairment:

    There may be other communication barriers to consider:


    Who have a history of mental ill health

    "Mental ill health" is an all encompassing term used to cover people who experience a range of conditions that are grouped together. These conditions may include: mood related disorders (depression), anxiety-related disorders (phobias, panic, post-traumatic stress, compulsive behaviour), psychosis (schizophrenia), eating disorders (bulimia, anorexia nervosa) and personality disorders.

    For some people with a history of mental ill health the following issues may need additional thought when organising a meeting:


    Who have dyslexia or some types of neurodiversity

    People with dyslexia are not a homogenous group. They are all individuals and the impact of their dyslexia will vary according to their degree of difficulty, the timing of their diagnosis, their particular strengths, and their coping strategies.

    When planning and undertaking a meeting it is vital to:


    Communication with a deaf person

    with a sign language interpreter
    Good practises when communicating with Disabled and neurodiverse people

    Closed Captioning

    Zoom

    1. Ensure Enhanced Encryption is enabled and NOT End-to-End Encryption otherwise some features won’t be available - Here's the list

    2. Ensure you have updated your Zoom account to the latest version. Then enable Automated CC before the event in Zoom Account settings

    3. When you are in the meeting- at the bottom of your screen, select closed CC/Live Transcript. This must be done by the host of the meeting.

    You or participants can always Hide Subtitles if you don't want to see them. Alternatively, once everyone has arrived, ask participants whether anyone wants them running. If they are not required, they can be turned off.

    captions button.PNG

    Youtube

    YouTube Closed Captions setting must be activated when streaming. This is found in Create Stream > Settings > Setup > Turn on Closed Captions

    Facebook

    Turn on Closed Captions for Facebook Live broadcasts and Live Streaming- Instructions here

    Big Blue Button

    Big Blue Button: closed captions are available via a browser. However, be aware that CCs aren’t available if accessing a BBB meeting on a phone. BBB FAQ